One very important difference between color and monochromatic photography is this: in black and white you suggest; in color you state. Much can be implied by suggestion, but statement demands certainty… absolute certainty.” – Paul Outerbridge
Here’s my experiment this week using a simple color palette. I selected a shot of an African power figure taken in the Museum of Fine Art in Boston.
This nikisi or power figure, made of metal, leather, beads, skin, fur and fibers, protected the well-being of the Songye community in an area presently within the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The limited use of color in the statue is very effective and powerful. Its life-like quality makes the image rather startling.
I was also surprised by the use of metal in this sculpture and the fact that the figure was a protective spirit, rather than a destructive one. In this community, the ritual maker or shaman would consecrate the figure and renew the power of the medicinal and sacred objects that were packed inside it.
I wondered if the image would be as powerful in black and white.
I think you’ll agree that it is far less interesting and has less visual impact. Next, I decided to keep it black and white, but add a pop of color to the metallic object in the figure’s hands. I selected the paint brush tool in Photoshop, picked a light blue color and chose an opacity of 35.
Does this make the image more interesting? Or, mysterious?
Now, here’s the same shot with the lips accented. The effect is totally different. Once again, I think this makes the image more interesting with the focus on the figure’s face and its human attributes.
In the end, I think the original shot is far more effective than all 3 black and white images. Do you agree?
This little experiment shows how difficult it is to convey intense feelings and power in black and white unless you can masterfully capture texture, and gradations of light and shadow. Black and white can be more subtle as the quote by Paul Outerbridge states. Sometimes subtlety fits the subject and scene and other times it simply lacks the power and punch of color–as in my black and white example.
In closing, I’d like to share with you an illustration by the writer and artist, Chris Van Allsburg. (You may remember his children’s books The Polar Express and Jumanji, which were also made into movies.) A recent exhibit of his drawings at the Grand Rapids Art Museum featured one of his illustrations from his children’s book The Mysteries of Harris Burdick. Even though Van Allsburg uses mostly sepia tones, the drawing has a powerful effect because of its shading, lighting, and subtle gradations of color.
I hope you enjoyed my little experiment. And have a great week everyone!
To view other monochromatic images, click the links below: